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Article 4

We all know what communication is, not just speaking, but also the non-verbal communication.

Sometimes, communication in all its forms can be affected. Communication disorders can be developmental or acquired. The cause may be related to biological problems such as brain development abnormalities, or possibly exposure to toxins during pregnancy. This includes such as substance abuse or environmental toxins such as lead. In some cases, a genetic factor is considered a contributing cause. Another cause can be the social and environmental conditions that can affect communication.

communication disorder is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems. A communication disorder may be evident in the processes of hearing, language, and/or speech. 

Which are the communication disorders?

  1. Speech disorders: is the impairment of the articulation of speech sounds, fluency and/or voice.
  2. Language disorders: is the impairment in comprehension and/or use of spoken, written and/or other symbol systems.
  3. Hearing disorders: is the result of impaired auditory sensitivity of the physiological auditory system.

What happens when a communication disorder is detected?

The first step is that the professional or the professionals who detect the communication disorder, who can be, Speech and Language Therapist, Psychiatrist and Psychologist, can guide the family to follow the next steps. When the communication disorder is clear and specified then the therapeutic plan has to start.

The earlier the communication disorder is detected the better for the child and for the family.

What do the experts recommend?

What is always recommended is that when the family suspects that some of the above-mentioned disorders appear and a few signals are present and evident, then a visit to a specialist is absolutely necessary!

Which is the therapeutic plan?

The therapeutic plan varies and it depends on both the exact disorder and the child who presents it. Each person is different and unique, so the treatment is unique as well. What I suggest is that you listen to your therapist´s advice and recommendations. 

If you need more information, contact me!


Sofía Zelou